Brain change drives alcohol dependence, finds study

Moderate drinking and binge drinking both are known to have side effects on the mind and body. The effect of alcohol on the brain and best possible ways to reverse the effect have been the epicenter of many researches. A recent mouse-based research carried out by the scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) suggested some personalized treatment modalities that can be effective in dealing with alcoholism and alcohol use disorder. The findings have been published online in The Journal of Neuroscience in April 2017. Read more

How to identify a high-functioning alcohol user?

Can an addition to alcohol be camouflaged? For some, masquerading alcoholism is a piece of cake, as they show no signs of being addicted to the substance. Generally, people picture an alcohol user as an individual who is mostly drunk, disoriented, in debt, homeless and probably without a job. However, there exists another class of alcohol users who appear normal to the outside world, in spite of their addiction. Commonly known as “high-functioning alcoholics,” this class of individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) believe they can control how much they drink, and hence, lead seemingly happy lives. Read more

Establishing link between alcohol-related blackouts and memory loss

Memory impairments are a common phenomenon in people who are battling with alcoholism. Of the three kinds of memories, such as long-term, short-term and working memory, alcohol tends to alter the brain’s ability to form new long-term memories. After a binge drinking episode, while a person remembers things from the past, also known as long-established memories, he or she tends to suffer an amnesia when it comes to recalling incidents of the previous night. Also called as a blackout, this temporary amnesia does not essentially mean that the person is unconscious. Apparently, the affected person could continue to have a conversation with others, drive back home and indulge in risky activities and yet have no memories of those activities on the following day.  Read more

Avoid drinking to evade developing liver fever

The liver, which is the largest internal organ in the human body and tasked with over 500 functions, plays a pivotal role in keeping the body grooving and jiving to the circadian rhythm. It also regulates the level of chemicals in the blood and excretes bile that is essential for absorption and digestion. Read more

Novel web-based interventions effective in preventing alcohol abuse

With the increased acceptance of drinking during celebrations and social occasions, alcohol abuse has become a global issue that afflicts millions of people. The 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) has highlighted that nearly 86.4 percent of people in the age group 18 and above admitted to drinking alcohol at some point in their lifetime. Read more

Establishing link between binge drinking and holiday heart syndrome

Excessive alcohol consumption is associated with numerous health risks, including a range of cancers. There is no safe drinking level, thus, even though a person may not witness the effects of alcohol in a short term, he or she can develop deadly illnesses after 10-20 years of regular drinking. Read more

How alcohol affects one’s physique

The hazards of alcohol are widely known. However, most of the studies regarding the harmful effects of alcohol revolve around its detrimental impact on various organs of the body. Many studies in the past have also dealt with the impact of alcohol on the brain chemistry, the consequent development of various mental disorders, the economic burden imposed by alcoholism and its cumulative effect on the economic growth of a country. Read more

Teenagers with body image issues rely on alcohol as coping mechanism, says study

Drinking alcohol is prevalent across communities in all countries. In the United States, drinking is a part of the popular culture where any occasion is celebrated with a peg or two. Unfortunately, alcohol is one of the most addictive substances, killing 88,000 lives people every year in the U.S., as highlighted by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). In fact, alcohol has become the fourth leading preventable cause of death in the country.   Read more

Traumatic experiences linked to alcohol disorders among women, finds study

Traumatic experiences can be very difficult to deal with and often lead to unforeseen circumstances like developing mental illnesses such as depression or getting addicted to substances like alcohol. Many people suffering from alcohol use disorders (AUDs) or seeking treatment for compulsive drinking habits attribute their alcohol inclination to disturbing experiences or to get relief from pain of physical injuries. A group of researchers attempted to find out racial differences in alcohol involvement and evaluated the risk factor posed by exposure to trauma and mental health disorders like post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for different phases of alcohol drinking among European American and African American women. Read more

Rise in binge drinking among women leading to their early deaths

The trend of binge drinking is growing at an alarming rate among women in the United States. But the biggest concern is that binge drinking is driving more women to emergency rooms and towards an early death. In men, binge drinking is defined as consumption of five or more drinks in a session and in women, binge drinking is defined as four or more drinks in a session.

As per a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the rate of binge drinking has increased among the American states. Excessive drinking among both men and women is more prevalent among population with an income of $75,000 or more. According to the CDC report, there are 14 U.S. states where 19-25 percent population is considered binge drinkers. As of 2010, excessive alcohol consumption costs an average of $3.5 billion to American states and $249 billion to the nation. Read more